The Art of Questioning
The art of questioning helps people get answers to their questions regarding what they see, what they hear and what they read, so that they could receive relevant information. This study helps people ask why certain things are true and others false. It goes ahead to explain why you must think of the answer differently from your friend. It is a gateway to thinking critically (Fitch, 1879).
Physiological and Psychological Aspects of Interviews and Interrogations
Interrogation is a process of getting information from a suspect. An interview is a one-on-one talk with a client. Interrogating criminals to obtain information is a hard thing. Criminals always avoid telling the truth to avoid disclosure of their actions. Interrogations must be carried out in an interrogation room. Interrogations may be rather hard in nature. Interrogations involve the revealing of information, while an interview involves gathering information. During the interrogation, the one conducting it should monitor all the changes that the suspect does, such as facial expressions and arm folding (Muetzelfeldt, 1944).
Law enforcers have come to understand that during interrogation psychological factors of an individual should be taken into consideration. Physiological factors must be highly considered. This is because they also lead to gathering crucial information. A proper observation of these factors leads to the conclusion of whether the suspect can be convicted for the investigated crime. Interrogations must not necessary bring success but understanding the best way to combat the crime leading to success of investigation. In order to ensure the result, interrogations must be planned, and interrogation rooms must be quiet and free from disturbance.
Sam’s vague answers may have more than one reason: either he does not know, or he is playing hard. Monitoring the changes in his movements can easily tell whether he is telling lies, and, when compared to the answers that Sam provides, can prove his innocence or guilt. Denials might mean the involvement of the suspect in the committed crime. Reluctance to answer questions signifies that the suspect is hiding crucial information. Sam’s reluctance signified that he had crucial information which could unravel the mystery of the missing child. His silence meant that he was a perpetrator in this case.
Memorandum of notes detailing the suspicion of the subject under questioning included his vague answers, his planned return journey, his refusal to talk about the incident and to acknowledge he recognized the child.
Obtaining information may be a hard process, which needs a plan. Before interrogation, one could have asked about the Sam’s experience in the city. This questioning could have extended further to asking where he was travelling to that morning. A candid talk could have led him to reveal the whereabouts of the child. Conducting an interrogation would mean that it is an open interview to ensure this will make him interact with the interrogator. Observing his body organs like eyes, mouth, hands, legs, and face would prove whether he was innocent or not. During the interrogation, listening to how Sam talked would unravel the mysterious missing of the child.
Changes in the voice of an individual may mean that he or she is stressed. They also keep on trying to change their clothes somehow. These manifestations of being stressed thus may provide a clue for the interrogation. Changes in thoughts also signify the uncertainty; thus, this should be viewed as withholding the information. Breathing patterns should also be monitored, as changes in those signify the fear that the individual is experiencing. The facts that led to the incident should be understood before the interrogation. Being familiar with the suspect’s background increases the changes of successful interrogation.
Interviews should precede interrogations. Interviews allow the investigator to understand the background of the subject. Interrogation should come after the interview, as the latter lets the investigator know what questions should be asked. Interviews let the suspect talk about the incident, but interrogation is aimed at getting straight answers.
The success of interviews and interrogation depends on how well the people who conduct the process are prepared. In order to be successful, preparations should be steered. Interrogators should be keen enough to watch the subject’s movements and behaviors. Any change in the behavior of the subject may signify the accessory to the crime. The persuasiveness and the arguments of the subject should also be taken into consideration by those who are planning to undertake an investigation.
Interrogators should confront the suspects with facts and ideas that surround the mystery. This confrontation also leads to successful obtainment of information. Interrogators also should consider the aspect of focusing questions and argument based on the subject. Time should also be considered during the interrogation in order to ensure that the suspect and interrogator get time to know the subject of the matter. Interrogators should consider the fact that not all interrogations are successful, which makes them aspire for success.
In order to get the truth about the missing child, interrogators should appease Sam with some things like handsome gifts and such. This can motivate him unravel the truth on the matter. Or else, he could be given very tough consequences if he does not give credible evidence. These aspects could help get the required information.