Dec 14, 2017 in Research

The English Settlers and American Indians of the Chesapeake and New England in the Seventeenth Century

The relationship between the English and the Indians was really complicated due to some cultural differences and the desire for the English settlers to dominate. A strong enduring relationship was possible with political, social economic and cultural ties and the desire to make governing institutions, provide and establish an organized society at all levels of governing. For proper relationship, the settlers could count on England for guidance and inspiration. The outbreak of the war was at the personal level and this is understood as the time for mutual understanding. Names like Philip were associated with destruction out of any arising conflict. When Pilgrims came to the shore, the location had been occupied by the natives for a long period of time, and people in the locality maintained their culture and their unique lifestyle until the arrival of the native which saw a drastic change (Buder, 2009).

English settlers introduced a different culture, religion and highly advanced technology. English settlers regarded their culture more strong and advanced with prejudiced attitudes. Due to the lack of military strength by the natives, they all had to adapt to the European culture and make it their own. Therefore, the growing hunger for the land and the increase in the number of the English brought a conflict in the English settlements. As a result, the treatment of the natives began a hallmark of the forehandling of the Native Americans. This had an intention for the search for freedom and the introduction of an admirable society, but later it resulted into the exploitation and takeover for the inhabitants of the Northern America.

Besides, the American population concentrated along the seaboard of the eastern part and it was not evenly distributed with a larger concentration of people along the areas that could support agricultural activities. The fertile soils and the prolonged season in the southern region made the area a major attraction for the immigrants from the colonies and Europe at large. With the high birth rate of the Americans, the population could increase in the region. The movement of people to the southern part led to population increase in the southern region and hence an increased population in the whole region. African slaves were also brought to the region unwillingly with the purpose of carrying out agricultural activities as the main profitable occupations in the region. This was the main economical activity in the region, and people were determined to earn a living out of it.

In the eighteenth century, immigration and the natural increase of population contributed to the population increase. Consequently, the majority of the American people became dependant on agriculture. This was as a result of vast areas of land and the shortage of labor as the families were economic and social units. The larger the number of the family members was, the greater the labor services for these agricultural activities were. Consequently, life expectancy in the eighteenth century was very high, and women were expected to be married at an early age in order to give birth. American women were expected to be pregnant as fast as possible with an expectation of cycle repetition of pregnancy in at least every two years thus resulting to high population. Therefore, the birth rate gave a major contribution for the American population growth with families having averagely from six to eight children. Similarly, the increased number of immigrants contributed to the increase of population during the eighteenth century with a progressive increment from the previous centuries either as a result of immigration or due to wars and slavery.

The growing consequences brought about political dominance with small farmers receiving treatments than bigger farmers and the abolishment of the issue of slavery. Therefore, white workers later saw themselves with a free status of independence and not as slaves, and made determination on the economic developments of the white. The seven-year war caused by Britain’s desire to expand caused humiliation of the French and, as a result, Britain and North America gave a trial for expansion in size and trade causing French to take an offensive stand against the Indians since they intruded into their land. This has also led to the American Revolution and crowding of North America; the colonists sought an opportunity to settle at the Ohio valley to enhance their economic growth.

The development theory based on the colonists was not oppressed but exploited by England. This was as a result of the involvement in the evasion of the duties and the desire for the defense of land. As a result, England wanted the goods importation done through their port as a way of receiving the duties. The Tea Act could not impose a different tax on tea but maintain the one in existence as Britain could not think of humiliating the colonialists through not paying taxes and hence reducing prices. These made the Indians hungry as they realized that it could make East India a monopoly. On realizing taxation without representation, colonists decided to boycott tea with a major back-up from women and East Indians docking ships in the ports. The tea was washed up in the sea and Boston was required to pay, but they all refused.

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